Monthly Archives: September 2010

Snapshot XenServer 5.5 error SR has been upgraded

 Snapshot XenServer 5.5 error SR has been upgraded
Solution:

Upgrade the LOCAL STORAGE to SR (Storage Repository) by doing a right-click to Local Storage. Select upgrade the Storage Repository. Now, it will tell you that once you do this, previous version of XenServer would not work with the Local Storage.

After you do this, it will allow you to take your snapshots of your VMs

Categories: XenserverBookmark

How to Install a GoDaddy Standard SSL Certificate on SBS 2008

How to Install a GoDaddy Standard SSL Certificate on SBS 2008
Many providers offer inexpensive SSL certificates for domain-only validation.  GoDaddy seems to be a popular choice given just how inexpensive the certificates are.  GoDaddy’s inexpensive cert is called Standard SSL certificate.

Before we dive in, let’s recap the certificate story in Windows Small Business Server 2008. There are two “types” of certificates and four “states” your certificate can be in.  Those are defined on TechNet in the Managing Certificates section of the SBS documentation.  The two types are “Self-Issued” or “Trusted”, and by default, SBS 2008 ships using a self-issued certificate infrastructure, which is used to authenticate the server to the client, and encrypt the traffic between the remote client and the server. The obvious downside here is there is extra work with the certificate installer package on your remote/non-domain joined clients, and Windows Mobile devices.  At some point there are enough of these to warrant the low cost to upgrade to a 3rd party Trusted certificate.  With a 3rd party trusted certificate, the client computers and mobile devices already trust the root of the 3rd party certificate, as these are maintained by Microsoft Update (and various other solutions for non-Microsoft based clients/devices).

As you probably read when you learned about the Internet Address Management Wizard, we have a number of domain name providers, eNomCentral, GoDaddy, and Register.com.  All three of these providers are very well equipped to sell you and facilitate installing a trusted certificate for your small business network, so feel free to shop around! 

I’ll be going through the steps for GoDaddy today as they are the only provider that requires intermediate certificates, which is a bit more challenging.  The process is the same for all the providers, except for eNomCentral and Register.com, you can skip the intermediate certificate steps, and naturally the UI would be different.  On a final note, I have not had luck with the GoDaddy certificate and Windows Mobile 5 (Update Below), if you have Windows Mobile 5 devices, you may want to consider one of the other partners, but the best thing to do here is open the certificate store on your WM5 device and validate the root cert for the provider you’re going with is available in the certificate store.

provide detailed steps, specific for SBS 2008:

  1. In your Windows SBS Console on the server, navigate to the Network tab and the Connectivity sub-tab and launch the Add a Trusted Certificate connectivity task
  2. Click Next on the welcome screen and choose I want to buy a certificate from a certificate provider and click Next.
  3. Verify this information is correct.  This information will be encoded in the request to the certificate provider, and cannot be changed without buying a new certificate.  Additionally for some certificate requests this information could be used to contact you to validate the ownership of the domain name.  Then click Next.
  4. Once you get to the screen below, you are now going to deal with only the certificate provider, with the encoded certificate request shown in the gray box.  Since most providers have you paste this into a web browser, you should click the Copy button to place this into your clipboard. image
    1. IMPORTANT: It’s important not to click back or next-back on this page, as it will re-generate a new encoded string, which will not match the request you make to your cert provider.
  5. Once the encoded string is copied safely (I paste it into Notepad so I don’t loose it during the process) Let’s close the Trusted Certificate wizard for now to get it out of the way and prevent errors now that we have that encoded text in the clipboard (and hopefully in Notepad).  Let’s click Next and then select My certificate provider needs more time to process the request, and click Next again, the wizard will show a warning that it could not import the certificate into Remote Web Workplace.
    1. You will also notice after you click Finish, that the console now shows Request Submitted and you have an option to Remove this Certificate, which we don’t want to do unless we want to go back to the beginning.
  6. At this point, go to your providers website and follow the instructions for purchasing a certificate.  The provider will most likely ask you to purchase the certificate before they collect the certificate information (encoded text above) from you. Notes:
    1. The provider may try to sell you other services, feel free to browse, but the server doesn’t require additional services
    2. The server does not require a wildcard certificate, port numbers (such as 987) are used to save you the cost of purchasing a wildcard certificate
    3. You should get a confirmation email with instructions on how to install the certificate.  My particular email has this section in it, stating to log into the website to obtain my cert: image
  7. Once I log into my account, It’s abundantly clear that I have a certificate set up waiting for me: image
  8. I log in to my account using the ID and choose to use your certificate credit image
  9. Next you will want to go to the Manage Certificate Control Panel: image
  10. In the control panel, select your certificate credit and click Request Certificate image
  11. Now you are prompted to insert the CSR, or Certificate Signing Request, which is all of the information you copied out of the trusted certificate wizard (and put into Notepad right?)
    1. IMPORTANT: Make sure you select the server software to be Microsoft IIS.
    2. Note: the actual domain name you are requesting for is encoded in the string from within the Trusted Certificate wizard
  12. Validate the information in the cert is correct, once you confirm it, it’ll cost more money to do this over again, and then click Confirm.
  13. Once you confirm, an email gets sent to the email account on file for that domain name, once you get that email, there is a verification link inside that email that needs to be clicked.  Click it and approve the request, some more email will come into that account you just checked.  One to tell you that it was approved, and one to give you the link to go and get the encoded text.
    1. One thing to note here is there are two things to download, the signed certificate itself, and the intermediate certificates which must also be installed on the website.
  14. Validate the install type is IIS and click Continue, then proceed to the Download Signed Certificate link and save the certificate to the desktop of the server.
  15. Then click the IIS Installation Instructions link to open up the installation instructions.  It’s important to use these instructions for installing the Intermediate Certificate Bundle.  You can follow the Installing the SSL certificate steps as well, but it will change the flow through the Trusted Certificate wizard shown later in this instruction set.
    1. So follow the steps from GoDaddy.com, but I’m going to paste and modify them for SBS 2008 here for you as well… These are of course subject to change without notification!!!
      1. Select Run from the start menu; then type mmc to start the Microsoft Management Console (MMC). Agree to the UAC prompt
      2. In the Management Console, select File; then “Add/Remove Snap In.”
      3. In the Add Standalone Snap-in dialog, choose Certificates; then click the Add button.
      4. Choose Computer Account; then click Next and Finish.
      5. Close the Add Standalone Snap-in dialog and click OK on the Add/Remove Snap-in dialog to return to the main MMC window.
      6. If necessary, click the + icon to expand the Certificates folder so that the Intermediate Certification Authorities folder is visible.
      7. Right-click on Intermediate Certification Authorities and choose All Tasks; then click Import.
      8. Follow the wizard prompts to complete the installation procedure.
      9. Click Browse to locate the certificate file (gd_iis_intermediates.p7b). You’ll have to change the file filter at the bottom right to PKCS #7 Certificates.
      10. Choose Place all certificates in the following store; then use the Browse function to locate Intermediate Certification Authorities. Click Next.
      11. Click Finish.
  16. Once this is imported, we can go back to the Trusted Certificate wizard in the product
    1. Click Add a Trusted Certificate in the console to re-launch the wizard if you closed it (as recommended above), and click Next on the welcome page.
    2. Click I have a certificate from my certificate provider and click Next.
    3. Since GoDaddy provided me with a file, I’m going to browse to the file (alternatively if the provider gave back encoded text, that could be pasted into the wizard too) that matches my domain name, in this case, remote.seandaniel.net. and clicking Next. image
    4. We’re finally done, click Finished!  Now remote clients will get the benefit of a trusted certificate, and the console reports Trusted as the certificate type.

It’s important to use the Trusted Certificate wizard for the last step, to ensure that the certificate is bound to the correct IIS website, as well as TSGateway for remote desktop access.  If you followed all the steps from GoDaddy to install the certificate, simply run the Trusted Certificate wizard and choose I want to replace the existing certificate with a new one, and you’ll get shown the trusted certificate and the self-issued certificate for your domain name, just choose the appropriate one based on the type and the expiration date:

image

On a final note, renewing your certificate after the year, just click that Add a Trusted Certificate link in the console but this time through choose I want to renew my current trusted certificate with the same provider, and follow the instructions!

Categories: Windows sbs 2008Bookmark